In history neurosurgery, as a specialty, evolved from experimental neurology.
Stereotaxy, as a technology, has been in the hands of experimental neurosurgeons for about 40 years, from its introduction by Clarke and Horsley in 1908 to 1947.

The stereotactic method became by then, a surgical technique to treat patients with functional disorders, like pain, epilepsy and movement disorders.

The term "Applied neuro-physiology" was introduced and stereotactic neurosurgeons actually behaved and were seen as subspecialists.

With the tremendous progress in neuro-imaging, however, scanning techniques made lesions inside the brain visible and therefore apt to stereotactic localization with high accuracy.

Applied neurophysiology by then extended to both stereotactic functional and stereotactic non-functional neurosurgery, apart from non-stereotactic functional surgery.

The sterotactic method evolved into a sophisticated methodology, that in the last decade has become the real backbone of clinical neurosurgery.

In particular, thanks to the computerized 3-D imaging possibilities and the development of frame-less stereotactic surgery, later coined as neuronavigation, neurosurgeons all over the world will incorporate stereotactic methodology and thus stereotactic surgical handling of tissue into their daily surgical practice.

From this the ESSFN has learned, that its position is in the centre of the field and that its members should be well aware of these consequences in their daily cooperation with both neurosurgical colleagues and colleagues from other specialties.

Other specialties which have close connections with stereotactic neurosurgery and thus should collaborate with us both scientifically and in daily patient care are listed below.

The ESSFN propagates actively to increase mutual interest and respect regarding the care of patients, who suffer from disease that is to be treated in close cooperation with other specialties.